How to Write a Scientific Paper
You may be asked by teachers to write an impressive scientific paper as a part of your education. This assignment must be completed in a certain format, so you need to stay updated with existing academic standards. How to write a scientific paper? We’re here to help students develop their skills and knowledge to become great writers.
Important Rules to Format and Structure Your Paper
To submit the best assignment of this type, learn how to get started because your efficient planning and preparation matter a lot.
- Know your targeted audience and understand their needs (if you’re writing a technical paper, use your technical language, avoid jargon, and define all acronyms that you use);
- Use active voice and stick to the style guide required by professors;
- Read prompts with important formatting details, such as margin and font sizes, word counts, references, and so on;
- Organize your scientific paper in the right order because it should start with its brief summary that leads to a catchy introduction, all methods and materials come next, followed by important results, and this assignment concludes with discussions and references.
What You Should Include in Each Section
- Start with methods and materials because it’s the easiest part of your scientific paper that doesn’t take a lot of time (describe all methods clearly to let readers repeat your experiments);
- Describe results in a separate section, which is quite self-explanatory (report them neutrally and reference the necessary figures and tables while summing up your findings without discussing any data);
- Interpret important data and discuss them in the context of your topic (make interesting conclusions and suggest future experiments to convince readers in their significance);
- Review your literature in a brief introduction, as this is where you need to convince people that your study is important (mention available sources, basic problem, its role, possible solutions, and the gap filled by your writing work);
- Sum up your scientific paper in a short abstract to offer personal conclusions and interpretations about findings;
- Write an engaging title that should be specific and reflect relevant data (ensure that it grabs readers’ attention instantly and avoid acronyms, jargon, or abbreviations).
Adding Final Touches
Writing an outstanding paper requires adding some final touches. How to write a scientific paper and get high marks? You need to make tables and figures and cite all sources correctly. How to do that?
How to Make Tables and Figures
- Present your important data as special tables (to introduce raw data) and figures (to illustrate comparisons);
- Format tables correctly by aligning all decimal points in numbers and avoiding to separate columns with a vertical line (include brief self-explanatory titles);
- Make all data sets easy to distinguish, so don’t add many datasets to a single graph because everything will appear cluttered and difficult to understand;
- Include scale markets on pictures to let readers understand the size you use (make scale bars clear and easy to read);
- Use black-and-white pictures whenever you can;
- Use the fonts that are big enough for everyone to read;
- Write specific figure legends to describe your important data and let the audience interpret information, but they shouldn’t be too long.
How to Cite All Sources Correctly
- Use inline citations because all sources must be cited within your scientific paper;
- Check the prompts given by teachers to stick to the right citing format;
- Match the content with its source and ensure that it reflects the information you use in this assignment (avoid direct quotes and paraphrase all sources);
- Don’t cite any common knowledge to support your conclusions and findings;
- Use special citation programs to automate this process and save time, especially if you’re in a hurry.